Coronaviruses (CoV) are the large group of viruses that causes sickness starting from the common cold to extreme diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. The most dangerous form of this disease is Novel Coronavirus which is a new health warning never been identified in humans, previously.
Coronaviruses are transferred from animals to human beings, that’s why they are called Zoonotic. Detailed investigations show that Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome of Coronavirus is transferred from civet cats to humans and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome of Coronavirus is transmitted from dromedary camels to humans. Several coronaviruses are spreading in animals that have not infected humans so far.
Some Facts And Figures Of Other Coronavirus:
In 2002, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome circulated virtually unchecked to approximately 37 countries, causing global anarchy, affected over 8,000 humans and killed more than 750 people. Whereas Middle East Respiratory Syndrome seems to be less easily passed from human to human, but has enormous lethality, killing 35 among 2,500 infected people from this disease.
The novel coronavirus is currently causing trouble in the medical community because the virus is circulating the world which started from China city Wuhan.
Now a few questions arise in everyone’s mind about the cause of disease, whether is it contagious or what precautions would we take to prevent this disease?
So let us answer all your queries one by one.
Public Health officials and partners are doing hard work to specify the cause of the disease. Like other coronaviruses, this novel coronavirus is also caused by animals including cats, camels, and bats. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, another coronavirus that infected people came from the coronavirus in cats. Whereas Middle East Respiratory Coronavirus came from camels.
Research indicated that animals are accessible to coronavirus easily like birds get avian coronavirus, pigs get porcine coronavirus, cows get bovine, horses get equine coronavirus.
Dogs get sick by canine coronavirus disease that causes fights, sneezes, and mobs of mucus.
Cats get sick by feline coronavirus is usually not a big deal. They may get flu-like symptoms.
But coronavirus in cats, coronavirus in dogs and human coronavirus are very different. There have not been any cases reported that these pets cause coronavirus to humans, neither human coronavirus causing their pets.
The novel coronavirus causes pneumonia, cough, fever and breathing difficulties and in severe cases can be organ failure.
Antibiotics don’t affect neither antiviral drugs will work against the flu. When a coronavirus affects people admitted to the hospital, they get treated for their lungs and other organs as well as fluids. The strength of the immune system of a person defines recovery tenure. Mainly, Those people who died from the disease were above the age of 45.
This coronavirus is highly contagious. China’s national health commission confirms human to human transmission of this disease. This is the reason novel coronavirus is spreading globally.
Facts And Figure Of Novel Coronavirus:
According to facts and figures of publication on 4th February, the death toll in China from the virus has expanded up to 425 with confirmed 20,000 cases. The mortality rate at 2.1%. The official Chinese figures include Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau. Outside China, this spreading infection has made more than 150 victims.
Two members of a family have been reported to be affected by the disease in the United Kingdom after testing 400 suspects and found negative. The Foreign Office advises UK citizens to leave China if possible.
The first infection case of a novel coronavirus in the United States was revealed on January 21, 2020. The first confirmed example of person-person-spread with this virus in the U.S. was noted on January 30, 2020
The number of effective who have contracted the virus could be far greater, as people with mild symptoms may not have been recognized. Modeling by the World Health Organization (WHO) experts at Imperial College London suggests there could be as many as 100,000 cases, with uncertainty putting the margins between 30,000 and 200,000.
How To Prevent From Novel Coronavirus:
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available currently to prevent novel coronavirus infection. The best prevention measure can be taken is to avoid being exposed to this contagious virus. However, it is recommended that taking preventive actions can help to stop the spreading of respiratory viruses.
- Cleanliness is one of the effective measures one can take. Rinse your hands more often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Especially after using bathrooms, before eating, and after blowing my nose, coughing or sneezing.
- If soap or water is not available then use alcohol-based hand sanitizer at least having 60% alcohol.
- Avoid touching nose, eyes, and mouth with dirty or unwashed hands
- Restrain close contact with those who are sick.
- Try to remain at home when you are sick.
- Always cover your mouth while coughing and sneezing with a tissue, then discard the tissue in the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces by using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
Unfortunately, no specific treatment can be recommended for the novel coronavirus infection. Those infected people should receive a supportive and caring attitude of people to help relieve symptoms and support morally.
For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ function.
Those who suspect the symptoms of novel coronavirus should contact the healthcare provider immediately.
We wish everyone safety and soon recovery for those infected people who are fighting against this disease.