When it comes to discovering the history of different places, explorers look no further than iconic buildings that can explain the most about a place. There are numerous eye-catching beauties or famous architectural buildings, looking at them will change the way of our perception of the world. It is not because of its familiarity in the world, but because of their heritage and how little they make you feel viewing the best achievements of human beings.
So, here is our take on the most famous buildings which are famous for many reasons like some of them are famous for their architectural attraction, others for their historical values, and some of them for both.
The Kabba – Mecca, Saudi Arabia
The Kaaba which means cube in Arabic. It is a square building situated in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the highest sacred place for Muslims in Islam that represents the metaphorical house of God and his oneness in Islam. The Kabba is beautifully draped in a black colored silk and cotton veil. Every year millions of Muslims travel to go to the Kabba for the Pilgrimage, an annual Islamic ritual for the Muslims who are privileged to go there.
This sacred square building is almost 45 feet high and its walls are a meter wide. Its total size occupying roughly 627 square feet.
Colosseum — Rome, Italy
Rome’s renowned Colosseum is the largest amphitheater that the Romans succeeded to construct and part of one of the most magnificent architectural achievements. It was built during 70 and 80 A.D. and was used for gladiator presentations and other public representations, reenactments, classical mythology plays, or public executions.
In its construction concrete and stone were mainly used which started around 72AD and completed in 80AD. The layout and shape of the Colosseum have been the inspiration for many contemporary-day stadiums. Today it is one of the most famous Rome tourist attractions, bringing thousands of tourists each year.
St. Basil’s Cathedral — Moscow, Russia
St. Basil’s Cathedral is the most visited tourist place in Moscow. The renowned building constructed in a shape to look like the flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, is situated just outside the Kremlin gates and marks the geometric center of the city.
It was constructed during 1554 and 1560, the cathedral was raised during the reign of Ivan IV. Little is famous about the building’s architect Postnik Yakovlev, but he was undoubtedly a fan of onion domes, sharp spikes and polygonal towers.
Hagia Sophia – Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia is the significant building in Turkey. It used to be a church once, later a mosque, and now a museum, Hagia Sophia is a masterpiece designed by architects. A perfect example of Byzantine architecture, Hagia Sophia is located in Istanbul, Turkey.
The building was constructed for the first time by the emperor Constantine the Great (306-337). However, because of many reasons, such as being burned down bad circumstances and earthquakes, the ancient cathedral has been reconstructed many times since. Despite this, Hagia Sophia is widely regarded as one of the great buildings of the world. And if that was not enough, the building also features in the opening scenes of the newest Bond film, Skyfall.
Empire State Building — New York City, USA
This building used to be the tallest building in the world and a movie or TV show never completed without it appearing on the screen. The Empire State Building, a National Historic Landmark, is New York’s most renowned symbol, made with great pride in 1930 and 1931.
But unfortunately, the building was vacant for the next twenty years because of the Great Depression. A timeless masterpiece of the great American city, the Empire State Building has survived many more in its life. It faced a plane crash in 1945, shootings in 1997, and over 30 suicides, but it is no less of an iconic architectural wonder today.
Casa Battlo, Barcelona, Spain
Barcelona is a renowned destination among tourists who want to have a good blend of entertainment and culture in a contemporary setting.
You will see some unique and well-known buildings on the account of a single architect named Antoni Gaudí. His different strategy to the Art Nouveau movement produced some of the most artistic buildings you will witness in this Spanish region known as Cataluña.
Even if you do not know anything about architecture or Gaudí, when you stroll the streets of Barcelona you will intuitively be able to recognize a Gaudí building, they are unmistakable.
You can see Batlló House that in 1906 was awarded by the Barcelona City Council as one of the three best buildings of the year.
Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Petronas Twinn Towers is rising at 170 meters above ground, the Petronas Towers are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The buildings, which held the name of the tallest in the world between 1998-2004, are a historic landmark of the capital city.
The unique postmodern style was designed by architects Cesar Pelli and Achmad Murdijat, engineer Deejay Cerico and designer Dominic Saibo under the consultancy of JC Guinto.
Leaning Tower of Pisa – Pisa, Italy
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most unusual architectural constructions in Europe. Most recognized for its lean, the tower started to tilt during construction after soft ground on one side was inadequate to properly bear the weight of the structure.
Due to reconstruction work carried out in 2001, the tower currently leans at just under 4 degrees. It is estimated that it will fall in the next 75-100 years.
Building work on the tower started in 1173 and continued for over a huge 300 years. There has been much debate surrounding the actual identity of the architect behind the tower, the idea originally attributed to artist Bonnano Pisano but studies have also associated architect Diotisalvi.
Sydney Opera House – Sydney, Australia
Sydney Opera House is widely recognized as one of the most prominent architectural works of the 20th century. The creative design derived from the idea of architect Jørn Utzon, who was almost undiscovered until January 29, 1957, when his entry to the ‘International competition for a national opera house at Bennelong Point, Sydney’ was declared the winner.
The magnificent building includes three groups of interlocking shells, which cover two main performance halls and a restaurant. A masterpiece of contemporary architecture, the opera house has become an iconic representative of both Sydney and the Australian nation.
Burj Khalifa – Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Its measurement is over 2,700 feet, Dubai’s Burj Khalifa is currently the highest building in the world. But despite its lavishness, this record-breaking building has a soft side. Architect Adrian Smith brought inspiration from the UAE’s beloved flower, the Spider Lily.
Its construction started on the 160-floor building in 2004 with its doors opening, after six years in 2010. The job of constructing the world’s tallest manmade structure was given to the Chicago office of American architectural and engineering firm Skidmore, Owings and Merril LLP.
These are the some of the most famous and beautiful buildings in the world. We hope this article will be a great help for finding your new destination. If you have any query feel free to ask anythig.